Museum of Chinese Art and Ethnography Xaverian Missionaries - V.le S. Martino, 8 - Parma, Italy 0521-257.337

Xia Dynasty

2070-1600 BC


The Jade Emperor, the Pure Augustus Yu Huang Dadi - Highest Authority of the taoist heaven - Bronze Ming Dynasty
The Pure August Jade Emperor  
Yu Huang Dadi
Highest ruler of Heaven, Taoist mythology  
Ming Dynasty Bronze (1368-1644)  

The Xia Dynasty is the first dynasty in Chinese history, established by Yu the Great, the last of the Five Emperors. Although still largely based on many legends, the Xia dynasty (and subsequent Shang and Zhou) developed an early form of organization of the state, and according to modern historians reigned in the period 2070-1600 BC.

Although still debated by many experts, the confirmation of its existence are the recent excavations on the sites of Early Bronze Age at Erlitou in Henan Province, which uncovered urban sites, bronze sculptures, tombs, and buildings.

Its existence was revealed only several centuries later during the Han Dynasty by the court historian Sima Qian, who spoke of an ancient dynasty, full of mythological tales handed down by past ancestors. It's not a perfect story that of the Xia dynasty, but equally it can not be thought as only a mythological story.



Xia Dynasty
2070 - 1600 BC